Who judges Francis?


“And since the Roman Pontiff is at the head of the universal Church by the divine right of apostolic primacy, we teach and declare also that he is the supreme judge of the faithful, and that in all cases pertaining to ecclesiastical examination recourse can be had to his judgment; moreover, that the judgment of the Apostolic See, whose authority is not surpassed, is to be disclaimed by no one, nor is anyone permitted to pass judgment on its judgment”. (Denzinger- Hünermann 3063. Vatican Council I, Session IV, July 18, 1870, Dogmatic Constitution I on the Church of Christ, “Pastor Aeternus”, no. 3)

Content (Enter in each author)

  • Sacred Scripture
  • 54 Popes
  • 13 Councils
  • 7 Fundamental Texts
  • 21 Roman Congregations
  • 32 Fathers of the Church
  • 15 Doctors of the Church
  • 11 Synods and Episcopal Magisterium
  • Other documents and Synods

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 Sacred Scripture


Old and New Testament

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54 Popes


  1. Benedict XVI (265th)
  2. John Paul II (264th)
  3. John Paul I (263rd)
  4. Paul VI (262nd)
  5. John XXIII (261st)
  6. Pius XII (260th)
  7. Pius XI (259th)
  8. Benedict XV (258th)
  9. Pius X (257th)
  10. Leo XIII (256th)
  11. Pius IX (255th)
  12. Gregory XVI (254th)
  13. Pius VIII (253rd)
  14. Leo XII (252nd)
  15. Pius VII (251th)
  16. Pius VI (250th)
  17. Clement XIII (248th)
  18. Benedict XIV (247th)
  19. Innocent XI (240th)
  20. Sixtus V (227th)
  21. Pius V (225th)
  22. Leo X (217th)
  23. Pius II (210th)
  24. Eugene IV (207th)
  25. Urban V (200th)
  26. Clement VI (198th)
  27. Benedict XII (197th)
  28. John XXII (196th)
  29. Boniface VIII (193rd)
  30. Innocent IV (180th)
  31. Innocent III (176th)
  32. Gregory VII (157th)
  33. Leo IX (152nd)
  34. Stephen V (110th)
  35. Nicholas I (105th)
  36. Stephen III (94th)
  37. John IV (72nd)
  38. Honorius I (70th)
  39. Gregory the Great (64th)
  40. Pelagio I (60th)
  41. Vigilius (59th)
  42. Hormisdas (52nd)
  43. Gelasius I (49th)
  44. Simplicius (47th)
  45. Leo the Great (45th)
  46. Celestine I (43rd)
  47. Boniface I (42nd)
  48. Zosimus (41th)
  49. Innocent I (40th)
  50. Damasus (39th)
  51. Siricius (38th)
  52. Marcellinus (29th)
  53. Stephan I (23rd)
  54. Cornelius (21th)

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13 Ecumenical Councils


  1. Vatican Council II – (1962-1965)
  2. Vatican Council I (1869-1870)
  3. Council of Trent – (1545-1563)
  4. Council of Vienne (Ecumenical XV 1311-1312)
  5. Council of Florence (Ecumenical XVII. 1431)
  6. Council of Constance (Ecumenical XVI. 1414-1418)
  7. Lateran Council IV (Ecumenical XII – 1215)
  8. Lateran Council I (Ecumenical IX – 1123)
  9. Council of Valence (855)
  10. III Council of Constantinople (Ecumenical VI – 680-681)
  11. Council of Lyons II
  12. Council of Chalcedon (Ecumenical IV– 451)
  13. Council of Ephesus (Ecumenical III 431)

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7 Fundamental texts


  1. Compendium of the Catechism of the Catholic Church (2005)
  2. Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church
  3. Catechism of the Catholic Church (1992)
  4. Code of Canon Law (1983)
  5. Roman Catechism (Council of Trent)
  6. The Formula called the ‘Faith of Damasus’
  7. ‘Athanasian Creed’

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21 Roman Congregations


  1. Apostolic Penitentiary
  2. Committee of the Great Jubilee of the year 2000
  3. Congregation for Bishops
  4. Congregation for the Clergy
  5. Congregation for the Cause of Saints
  6. Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of Sacraments
  7. Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
  8. Congregation for Catholic Education
  9. Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and for Societies of Apostolic Life
  10. Sacred Congregation for Religious and for Secular Institutes
  11. International Theological Commission
  12. Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff
  13. Pontifical Biblical Commission
  14. Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue
  15. Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace
  16. Pontifical Council for the Family
  17. Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People
  18. Pontifical Council for Social Communications
  19. Pontifical Work for Ecclesiastical Vocations
  20. Pontifical Council for Culture
  21. Pontifical Council for Interpretation of Legislative Texts

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32 Fathers of the Church and Saints


  1. Saint Albert the Great (1193-1206)
  2. Saint Augustine (354-430)
  3. Saint Ambrose (340-397)
  4. Saint Athanasius of Alexandria (296-373)
  5. Athenagoras of Athens (2nd Century)
  6. Saint Bede the Venerable (673-735)
  7. Saint Basil the Great (330-379)
  8. Saint Cyprian of Carthage (+258)
  9. Saint Clement of Alexandria (150-215)
  10. Saint Cyril of Alexandria (374-444)
  11. Saint Cyril of Jerusalem (374-444)
  12. Pseudo-Chrysostom (5th Century)
  13. Saint Dionysius of Alexandria (+264)
  14. Saint Gregory of Nyssa (335-394)
  15. Saint Gregory Thaumaturgus (213-270)
  16. Saint Ignatius of Antioch (+107)
  17. Saint Irenaeus of Lyon (130-202)
  18. Saint Hilary of Poitiers (300-368)
  19. Saint Jerome (347-420)
  20. Saint John Chrysostom (347-407)
  21. Saint Justin of Rome (100/114-162/168)
  22. Saint Fulgentius of Ruspe (460-533)
  23. Saint Maximus confessor (662)
  24. Saint Melito of Sardis (II century)
  25. Saint Pacian of Barcelona (365)
  26. Polycarp of Symrna (69-155)
  27. Teophilus of Antioch (183)
  28. Tertullian (160-220)
  29. Saint Titus of Bostra (378)
  30. Saint Vincent of Lerins (+450)
  31. Theodoret of Cyrus (393-466)
  32. Origen (+254)

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15 Doctors of the Church


  1. Saint Thomas of Aquinas (1225-1274)
  2. Saint Anthony of Padua (1195-1231)
  3. Saint Alphonsus de Liguori (1696-1787)
  4. Saint Bernard de Clairvaux (1090-1153)
  5. Saint Bonaventure (1218-1274)
  6. Saint Catherine of Siena (1347-1380)
  7. Saint Francis de Sales (1567-1622)
  8. Saint John of Avila (1499-1569)
  9. Saint John of the Cross (1542-1591)
  10. Saint John Damascene (676-749)
  11. Saint Peter Canisius (1521-1597)
  12. Saint Peter Damian (1007-1072)
  13. Saint Robert Bellarmine (1542-1621)
  14. Saint Teresa of Jesus (1515-1582)
  15. Saint Therese of Child Jesus (1873-1897)

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 11 Synods and Episcopal Magisterium


  1. Council of Toledo (693)
  2. XIV Synod of Toledo (684)
  3. Synod of Constantinople (543)
  4. Council of Elvira (300 – 306 AD)
  5. Synod of Laodicea (363-364 AD)
  6. II Council of Orange (529)
  7. Synod of Arlés (475)
  8. XV Synod of Carthage (418)
  9. The Lateran Council (649)
  10. CELAM
  11. Synod of Bishops

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Other documents and Authors


  1. The Liturgy of Hours
  2. XLVIII International Eucharistic Congress
  3. Alcuin de York
  4. Aelred of Rievaulx
  5. Cornelius a Lapide
  6. Saint Francis of Assisi
  7. Saint Ignatius of Loyola
  8. Saint John Bosco
  9. Saint John Marie Vianney
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10 thoughts on “Who judges Francis?

  1. I believe the following have to be placed on a time line:
    1) “The warning”
    2) Consecration of Russia to the Immaculate heart of Mary
    3) Three days of Darkness
    4) The mystery of the Iniquity ,

    Good luck finding a “Competent authority” with 125 names, code names and numbers floating around the Vatican, reason would suggest “they” are directly responsible for confiscating the third Secret of Fatima as well

  2. I was taught we are to judge behavior, ideas, words and all manner of things, but not persons (souls). The pope can and has said and done things to weaken, not defend the faith, and has brought, at best, confusion to the church. Some of his words and actions require correction from prelates and clerics, whose loyalty is to God and His church, but their silence is making matters all the worse.

  3. I’m not trained in theology or ecclesiastical law, but I believe that excommunication means forbidden to receive the sacraments, not expulsion from the Church. Of course, I could be wrong.

  4. When one is a public heretic, they excommunicate themselves from the Church and therefore lose their office. When answering the question if Bergoglio is a heretic, we are rightly judging his actions. If his actions prov he is a heretic, then he is no longer Pope.

      • The answer here is obvious and even rhymes with pope. NOPE! Not only is Bergoglio not pope, but neither were the (5) previous incarnations of modernist apostates who came before him. Vatican II was an act of apostasy from the True Catholic Faith. The “Novus Ordo”, which is what the post Vatican II “church” calls itself is a NEW RELIGION that is not Catholic, but claims to be so.

        New mass, new sacraments, new languages, new liturgy, new ordination rite, new RELIGION… which is simply an hybridised Protestant sect that has occupied the Vatican and our places of worship for 50 years. Think it impossible? See St. Athanasius against the world during the Arian heresy. Or see the Great Western Schism, when we had (3) people claiming to be pope, two of which had antipope successors! This is infinitely worse however since these anti-popes are heretical apostates… that’s new, and many are being deceived into justifying sinful lives and are lost forever.

        The “gates of hell” have NOT prevailed however. The True Church still exists among the “handful of those who hold to the Traditions of our Fathers”. Again see St. Athanasius.

        • I disagree with M.( March 3,2016,4:28 pm) that the 5 Popes previous to Francis were not truly authentic Popes of the Catholic Church, but I do believe that the authenticity of the Papacy of Francis merits intense scrutiny in terms of Catholic Doctrine as this post suggests, while the determination of formal Papal heresy needs to be determined by competent authority within the episcopate of the Church.

          • And I agree with you, Mrs. Avila. This seems precisely to be the stance of the fathers of this blog, for they cite the last popes while taking apart Francis’ false and heretical doctrine, while always refraining from overstepping into what belongs to the competent authority within the episcopate of the Church. I am sure that a lot of true Catholics feel the same, and have not been led astray either by the Francis-sect that has really taken the reigns of the hierarchy or the anti-Novus-Ordo sect that absurdly claims that the Church could be officially led to into heresy for the last sixty years..

        • Definitive answer is given in detail by John Salza and Robert Siscoe in

          In short. PF is the Pope. Sedevacantism erroneously based on mistaken theory “Private Judgement” ie “its obvious PF is a manafest heretic. Therefore is excommunicated and not Pope. There is a procedure for electing a Pope…as well as removing him. It’s covered in detail in the book and the ongoing commentaries and the Q&A. The priest on this site are right. They can’t judge him to remove him. Only the College of Cardinals can do it. However, this D-B site is providing a LOT of information to use in such an exercise. Let us pray that it is so employed…Sooner rather than Later.


    • In charity, you are entirely incorrect as Sedevacantism goes nowhere. You are exercising your own Private Judgement on the matter and ipso facto PF is a heretic and excommunicated. Fortunately, there is a procedure to remove a Pope as well as elect him.
      John Salza & Robert Siscoe have covered this exhaustively in their 700 page book “True of False Pope”. The link is below with extensive commentary and links to ongoing questions and answers. Great resource on the entire subject of sedevacantism

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