Leo X…

…judges Francis’ idea on Catholic Faith and Luteran belief

  • Condemnation of the errors of Martin Luther

[Condemned proposition:] 15 – Great is the error of those who approach the sacrament of the Eucharist relying on this, that they have confessed, that they are not conscious of any mortal sin, that they have sent their prayers on ahead and made preparations; all these eat and drink judgment to themselves. But if they believe and trust that they will attain grace, then this faith alone makes them pure and worthy.
[Censure]: ‘All and each of the above mentioned articles or errors, so to speak, as set before you, we condemn, disapprove, and entirely reject as respectively heretical, or scandalous, or false, or offensive to pious ears, or seductive of simple minds, and in opposition to Catholic truth.’ (Denzinger-Hünermann 1465. 1491. Bull Exurge Domine, June 15, 1520)

…judges Francis’ idea on asking prayers from non-catholics and atheists

  • Excommunication deprives one of the common spiritual prayers of the Church

[Errors of Martin Luther] Excommunications are only external penalties and they do not deprive man of the common spiritual prayers of the Church. […] [Censure of the Supreme Pontiff] we condemn, reprobate, and reject completely each of these theses or errors as either heretical, scandalous, false, offensive to pious ears or seductive of simple minds, and against Catholic truth. (Leo X. Bull Exurge Domine, June 15, 1520)

…judges Francis’ idea on our sins drawing us close to Jesus

  • Condemnation of Martin Luther, for preaching that sacramental absolution is unnecessary, and that faith alone makes one pure and worthy

[Lutheran proposition condemned by Leo X] Great is the error of those who approach the sacrament of the Eucharist relying on this, that they have confessed, that they are not conscious of any mortal sin, that they have sent their prayers on ahead and made preparations; all these eat and drink judgment to themselves. But if they believe and trust that they will attain grace, then this faith alone makes them pure and worthy. (Denzinger-Hünermann 1465. Leo X, Bull Exurge Deus, June 15, 1520)

 

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