Synod of Rome (382 AD)

…judges Francis’ idea that catholics and muslims adore the same God

  • The salvation of Christians is by believing in the Trinity

This then is the salvation of Christians, that believing in the Trinity, that is, in the Father, and in the Son, and in the Holy Spirit, [and] baptized in this, we believe without doubt that there is only one true divinity and power, majesty and substance of the same. (Denzinger-Hünermann 177. Synod of Rome, 382)

…judges Francis’ prayer in the ecumenical and interreligious Meeting in Sarajevo

  • The salvation of Christians: believing in the Trinity

This, then, is the salvation of Christians, that, believing in the Trinity, that is, in Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, (and) baptized in it, we must believe without doubt that to it belongs the one and only true Godhead and might, majesty and substance. (Denzinger-Hünermann 177. Synod of Rome, Trinity and Incarnation of the Word, 382 AD)

  • A heretic in every respect: whoever believes that the Father alone is called God, or in this manner believes God one

If anyone thinks well of the Father and the Son, but does not rightly esteem the Holy Spirit, he is a heretic, because all heretics who think erroneously about the Son [of God I and the [Holy] Spirit are found in the perfidy of the Jews and the pagans. But if anyone divides, saying that God [Christ’s] Father, and God His Son, and God the Holy Spirit are gods, and does not thus say God on account of the one divinity and power which we believe and know (to be) the Father’s, and the Son’s, and the Holy Spirit’s, but taking away the Son or the Holy Spirit, thus believes that the Father alone is called God, or in this manner believes God one, he is a heretic in every respect, nay rather a Jew, because the name of gods was attached and given both to angels and to all the saints from God, but of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit because of their one and equal divinity, not the name of gods, but of God is declared and revealed to us, in order that we may believe, because we are baptized only in the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit and not in the names of archangels or angels, as heretics, or Jews, or even demented pagans. (Denzinger-Hünermann 175-176. Synod of Rome, The Trinity and the Incarnation, 382 AD)