28 – Egoists self-condemn themselves; their souls are not chastised but annihilated

What will happen to us after death? Where will we all go? This is one of the great interrogations of all human beings, whether Christians or not. Throughout history, the answer to these questions has often been sought in a manner that doesn’t demand a rigorous moral attitude that is coherent with the belief in an eternal life and a infinite God who rewards and chastises! The eschatological teachings of the Church, based on Revelation, and expounded throughout the centuries by the Magisterium, address these questions with authority and wisdom. And, as guardian of truth, the Church has a missionary purpose that is derived from Christ’s mandate to proclaim the Gospel to all peoples and to seek to attract all to perennial truth. But… what is the real truth on this topic?



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Teachings of the Magisterium

Enter the various parts of our study


I – The human soul is immortal and cannot be annihilated
II – The immortal soul receives its eternal retribution: reward or punishment
III – The Church should labor so that the world know its Savior and Judge


V Lateran Council (Ecumenical XVIII)

Among the pernicious errors that weaken the Catholic faith is the assertion that the intellectual soul is mortal

Saint Thomas Aquinas

The soul separated from the body is a part of the human species…
It is immortal and everlasting…
It must once again be united to the body
The soul is subsistent and caused through creation by God

Saint Cyprian of Carthage

This journey of time ends with death, but then there is eternity

Pius XII

The soul is spiritual and immortal

Vatican Council II

Recognizing a spiritual and immortal soul, one plunges into the depths of reality

Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

The soul subsists after death

Catechism of the Catholic Church

Every spiritual soul is created immediately by God
Not only will the immortal soul live on after death, but even our mortal body will come to life again

Benedict XVI

A distinguishing mark of Christians: they know that their lives will not end in emptiness

II – The immortal soul receives its eternal retribution: reward or punishment

Catechism of the Catholic Church

The immortal soul awaits its reunion with the glorified body
Each man receives his eternal retribution in his immortal soul

The Formula called the ‘Faith of Damasus’

Either the reward of good merit or the penalty of eternal punishment for sins

XVI Synod of Toledo (693)

We will receive either the kingdom of eternal blessedness or the sentence of perpetual condemnation

Benedict XII

The souls of those who depart in mortal sin immediately after death descend to hell - on the Day of Judgment, with their bodies they will render an account of their deeds

Innocent III

Those who have lived in this flesh will receive either punishment or rewards

IV Lateran Council (Ecumenical XII)

All receive according to their works, good or evil

Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

The Church believes in both the happiness of the just and in eternal punishment for the sinner


Since the same end is established for all, each is to be judged individually according to the same law

Paul VI

Christ will come again to judge

John Paul II

Man is responsible for his actions and subject to the judgment of God

Saint Thomas Aquinas

God’s great patience will make His sentence more just and more merited the chastisement

Saint Cyril of Alexandria

The wicked will be chastised for having despised the precepts of God

Leo I, the Great

The question is for what a man dies or lives: for the devil or for God

III – The Church should labor so that the world may know its Savior and Judge

Catechism of the Catholic Church

God wills the salvation of everyone

Benedict XVI

The Judge has entrusted talents to us – now we must work so that the world may be open to Christ
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