6 – Is the erroneous conscience justified?

Even the soul of the most perverse man holds an inextinguishable spark reminding him at each moment of his obligation to do good and avoid evil. Consequently, no one is able to do wrong without having first justified himself before his conscience.

Francis opens new horizons within Moral Theology by teaching that God looks with pleasure on this way of acting — unfortunately so common in fallen human nature.


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Teachings of the Magisterium

Enter the various parts of our study


Catechism of the Catholic Church

A good intention does not justify any human act - one may not do evil so that good may result from it

John Paul II

An erroneous conscience cannot be compared with moral good. The evil fruit of ignorance is in fact an evil
Foreseeable consequences are part of the circumstances of an action, but cannot alter its moral species
True heresies in the moral field have been promoted - Christians are tempted toward a sociological Christianity, without objective morality

Paul VI

Only the Church may adequately form conscience; the faithful should cooperate in this mission

Gregory XVI

The dangers of liberty of conscience

Vatican Council II (Ecumenical XXI)

It is the Church’s duty to preach the one true God
Christians are sufficient equipped to adjust their life to the Divine Law

Saint Augustine of Hippo

Those who were deceived by others, but diligently seek the truth, have invincible ignorance

Pius IX

Despite invincible ignorance, it is unlawful to proceed further in inquiry
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