87 – We, the descendents of Abraham according to our faith in you, the one God, Jews, Christians and Muslims, humbly stand before you. May everything be to your glory and honor and for our salvation. Praise and eternal glory to you, our God!


“O Lord God Almighty, the Father of your beloved and blessed Son Jesus Christ, by whom we have received the knowledge of You, the God of angels and powers, and of every creature, and of the whole race of the righteous who live before you, I give You thanks that You have counted me, worthy of this day and this hour, that I should have a part in the number of Your martyrs, in the cup of your Christ, to the resurrection of eternal life, both of soul and body, through the incorruption [imparted] by the Holy Ghost. Among whom may I be accepted this day before You as a fat and acceptable sacrifice, according as You, the ever-truthful God, have foreordained, have revealed beforehand to me, and now have fulfilled. Wherefore also I praise You for all things, I bless You, I glorify You, along with the everlasting and heavenly Jesus Christ, Your beloved Son, with whom, to You, and the Holy Ghost, be glory both now and to all coming ages. Amen.

This moving prayer pronounced by Saint Polycarp before a stadium full of pagans, was his last act before the executioners lit the flames that would bring him to his final end. After concluding these words – a testimony of fidelity to Christ for the faithful of Smyrna – the fire miraculously consumed him as a pure host. The suave advance of the flames, that seemed to respect him, was witnessed by the surprised multitude. His sacrifice occupies a place of honor in martyrology.

This prayer, created in the Second Century within a dramatic context, demonstrates the principle characteristics of how we should direct ourselves to God Almighty; presenting our petitions to the Father through his Son Jesus Christ in the unity of the Holy Spirit. The entire Church has prayed in this manner since the first centuries and will continue to do so until the last judgment.

There is no doubt that today innumerable Christians are martyred for publically professing their faith, for every baptized person has the duty to declare their adhesion to Jesus Christ before the multitudes when necessary. The situation of this Apostolic Father, St. Polycarp, is repeated mutatis mutandis, in the Church of the XXI century, particularly if the Bishop of Rome is invited to pray in public.

However, Pope Francis prefers to omit the name of Christ to unite himself more closely to the members of other religious professions, which he seems to believe, adore the same God. As a result, some questions arise: Do we really adore the same God? Can Jews, Muslims and Christians invoke him in equal terms and intentions, hoping to obtain the same results?



Quote AQuote BQuote C

Teachings of the Magisterium

Enter in the various parts of our study

I – Jesus Christ is the necessary mediator between God and humanity
II – Professing the true God is professing the Triune God
III – Not all religions believe in the true God

I – Jesus Christ is the necessary mediator between God and humanity

Saint Cyril of Jerusalem

The Father has indignation when his Only-begotten Son is despoiled of due honor

Sacred Scripture

The Son of Man will be ashamed of those who are ashamed of Him
‘No one comes to the Father except through me’
Whatever is asked in the name of Christ is conceded
There is one mediator between God and the human race: Jesus Christ

Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments

The essential reference point for the prayer life of the people of God is Christ
The excellence of Christian prayer lies in Christ

Catechism of the Catholic Church

Christian prayer is characterized ‘through Christ our Lord’

Congregation for the Clergy

An essential part of the Church’s work of evangelization: teach people to pray to the Father through the Son

John Paul II

Learning the Trinitarian shape of Christian prayer is the secret of a truly vital Christianity
Christ is the only one able to reveal God and lead to Him
An urgent need to explain more fully the truth that Christ is the one Mediator

Pius XII

The prayer of the priest has efficacy because it is done in the name of Christ

Benedict XVI

The Lord said to his disciples: ‘Believe in God, believe also in Me’

Synod of Rome (382 AD)

The salvation of Christians: believing in the Trinity

Vatican Council II (Ecumenical XXI)

One God and one mediator of God and men

Saint Thomas Aquinas

To unite men to God perfectively belongs to Christ

II – Professing the true God is professing the Triune God

Vatican Council II (Ecumenical XXI)

Let all Christians confess their faith in the triune God before the whole world

Saint John Chrysostom

He who confesses by mouth will easily convince all

Paul IV

Many dare to deny the foundations of the faith with their example

Synod of Rome (382 AD)

A heretic in every respect: whoever believes that the Father alone is called God, or in this manner believes God one

Council of Florence (Ecumenical XVII)

The one true God, Father and Son and Holy Spirit, is the creator of all things visible and invisible

Council of Braga I

Anathema: anyone who does not confess the One God as the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit

The Lateran Synod (649 AD)

If anyone does not confess three consubstantial subsistences, let him be condemned

Synod of Toledo XI (675 AD)

The one and true God: we say that the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God each singly - yet there are not three Gods

Council of Constantinople II (553 AD)

Jesus Christ is true God and one of the Holy Trinity


They cannot be counted among the children of God, who do not take Christ Jesus as their Brother

Catechism of the Catholic Church

Believing in God cannot be separated from believing in the One He sent - Jesus Christ is the only one who knows the Father and can reveal Him

III – Not all religions believe in the true God

Benedict XVI

Believing in God entails joyful obedience to His revelation…
…and accepting the actual face in which He revealed himself: Jesus of Nazareth

Pius XI

The Catholic Church is alone in keeping the true worship

Gregory XVI

Those who are not with Christ are against Him; they will perish forever

John Paul II

The Christian faith is a conscious and free response to God’s self-revelation, which reached its fullness in Jesus Christ


The true God does not approve sects, with their wrong teachings, nor does He confer eternal rewards on their members

Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

Theological faith is very different from belief in the other religions
Relativistic theories deny the absolute truth and salvific universality of the mystery of Jesus Christ and the Church

Saint Cyril of Jerusalem

The Jews do not admit Jesus Christ, thus being contrary to their own Prophets

Leo the Great

The promises made to Abraham are fulfilled in Christ

Gregory the Great

The Jews have ceased to be children of Abraham – we are truly because of faith in Christ

Sacred Scripture

No one who denies the Son has the Father
Only they have life who possesses the Son

Catechism of the Catholic Church

One must act according to the Spirit of Christ in order to be able to pray in his name

Related studies

  • 158 – If we concentrate on the convictions we share, and if we keep in mind the principle of the hierarchy of truths, we will be able to progress decidedly towards common expressions of proclamation, service and witness. How many important things unite us!

  • 157 – “Solidarity becomes a way of making history in a life setting where conflicts, tensions and oppositions can achieve a diversified and life-giving unity”

  • 146 – “That all the Orthodox Christians of Ukraine may live in peace and harmony, and that the Catholic communities in the country may contribute to this, in such a way that our Christian brotherhood may become increasingly evident”

  • 143 – “Orthodox and Catholics are united not only by the shared Tradition of the Church of the first millennium, but also by the mission to preach the Gospel of Christ in the world today”

  • 142 – “There is an aspect of mercy that goes beyond the confines of the Church. It relates us to Judaism and Islam, both of which consider mercy to be one of God’s most important attributes”

  • Print Friendly, PDF & Email