5 – Who decides what is good and evil? Each one’s own conscience…

‘Conscience, conscience! Divine instinct, immortal and celestial voice, sure guide of a being that is ignorant and limited, but intelligent and free; infallible judge of good and evil that makes man like unto God;’ Just as Jean-Jacques Rousseau did 250 years ago, Francis and the atheistic, socialist journalist Eugenio Scalfari — in a prolific and widely publicised exchange of ideas — put particular focus on the riveting theme of the morality of human conduct.



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Teachings of the Magisterium

Enter the various parts of our study


Pius IX

Condemned errors regarding natural and Christian ethics


Christ is the center of history, the absolute criteria of goodness

Vatican Council II

Duty of the Church to preach the one true God

Paul VI

Conscience is not the last word in judging the goodness of a human act – it only interprets a superior norm
Pedagogy of conscience is necessary: it is not always infallible nor objectively supreme

John Paul II

A crisis of truth results from the affirmation that moral judgment is true merely by the fact that it has its origin in conscience
The Decalogue is engraved in human nature
A destroying force of true humanity: to say ‘always follow your conscience’ without adding ‘does your conscience affirm truth?’ and ‘seek to know the truth’
It is necessary to ‘form’ one’s own conscience aided by the doctrine of the Church

Catechism of the Catholic Church

Erroneous judgment of conscience may be culpable

Benedict XVI

If following conscience always justifies, then we’ll see the Nazi SS in Heaven!
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2 thoughts on “5 – Who decides what is good and evil? Each one’s own conscience…

  1. all these interviews with Scalfari were published in Autumn 2014 by Libreria Editrice Vaticana thus officializing the whole content!!!

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