101 – In the Gospel, Jesus does not become angry, but pretends to when the disciples do not understand him

With the Incarnation of the Word and the Redemption of humanity, Our Lord Jesus Christ became the center of History. Rendering him honor, serving him and propagating his name thus became the highest goal of all the baptized, who have never tired of increasing their knowledge of Christ in this life while awaiting the definitive encounter with Him in eternity.

It was in this constant growth of knowledge stimulated by faith and love, that Christological study found its origin, making noteworthy advances throughout the centuries. But, these advances were particularly notable while overcoming tremendous obstacles, such as the christological heresies, for the Holy Spirit has never ceased to assist the Church in conserving the integral truth with respect to the doctrine of its Founder. After all, if Christ’s teachings of are of maximum importance, the understanding of His divine nature united to our human nature in the Person of the Word is even more so.

On different occasions, Francis has manifested exceptional interpretations in the field of Christology. These interpretations are worthy of attention – they are subtle, often veiled in attractive speeches or at times in quick aphorisms, but express ideas that provoke thought and then concern.

Though brief, the affirmation that occasioned this post reveals an idea of Christ that requires clarity. Jesus is infinite mercy! Without doubt it is pleasant to meditate on the Gospel passages that demonstrate the divine goodness of Christ in relation to sinners, his disposition to teach all of those who approach him, his constant desire to cure them in body and and in soul. But Jesus also condemned the evil, attacked those who remained obstinately in error, made a whip to expel the doves, cattle and sheep, and ‘caressed’ those who had transformed the house of God into a den of thieves…However, many seem not to understand this, or prefer not to think of this.

Could it be true that Jesus merely pretended an anger that he did not really bear? What does it mean to pretend? The Dictionary defines it: to ‘to give a false appearance of being, possessing, or performing; to make believe; to claim, represent, or assert falsely.

Jesus is God and therefore cannot do anything imperfectly. Consequently, he can neither lie nor deceive. Let us see what Catholic Doctrine has to tell us about this…so that we may better understand who our Divine Redeemer is.



Quote A

Teachings of the Magisterium

Enter in the various parts of our study

I – The human-divine actions of Jesus Christ
II – Christ, the Truth, cannot be deceived and cannot deceive
III – Holy indignation in the life of Our Lord Jesus Christ

I – The human-divine actions of Jesus Christ

Leo I

The Son of God, descending from his heavenly throne enters the infirmities of this world without leaving the Father’s glory

Council of Chalcedon (Ecumenical IV)

Our Lord Jesus Christ, perfect in divinity and in humanity; like unto us in all things but sin

III Council of Constantinople (Ecumenical VI)

The Councils proclaim: Jesus is consubstantial with the Father

Leo IX

Jesus is consubstantial, co-omnipotent, and co-equal to the Father through all things in divinity

Catechism of the Catholic Church

In Jesus, God and man are inseparable

Vatican Council II (Ecumenical XXI)

Jesus is the visible image of the invisible God

Honorius I

In Jesus the divine nature performs what is of God, and the human performs what is of the flesh

XIV Synod of Toledo

In Jesus the divine nature performs what is of God, and the human performs what is of the flesh

Catechism of the Catholic Church

Thus everything in Christ’s human nature is to be attributed to his divine Person as its proper subject
In his soul as in his body, Christ expresses humanly the divine ways of the Trinity

Saint Maximus the Confessor

By union with the Word, the human nature of Jesus knew and showed forth in itself everything that pertains to God

Pius XII

Christ possessed all power, all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge; He was full of grace and truth, and had the knowledge of the beatific vision

Saint Athanasius of Alexandria

The flesh of Jesus Christ is the Word’s – therefore the affections of the flesh are also ascribed to the Word

II – Christ, the Truth, cannot be deceived and cannot deceive

Catechism of the Catholic Church

The virtue of truth gives another his just due; it entails honesty and discretion
Lying is destructive of society; it undermines trust among men and tears apart the fabric of social relationships

Saint Thomas Aquinas

Dissimulation is a lie told by the signs of outward deeds. All dissimulation is a sin

Saint Augustine of Hippo

Every lie is an unjust action to be chastised by God
Those who love the truth should hate lies
The darkness of falsehood is incompatible with the splendor of the divine light

Catechism of the Catholic Church

In many Gospel passages, Jesus calls himself the Truth

Saint Clement of Rome

Nothing is impossible with God, except to lie

Saint John Chrysostom

Jesus’ actions were not the actions of a pretender; but of someone choosing to suffer everything for the order of the House of God
‘You shall know the truth from Me, and it shall free you from your sins’

Saint Cyril of Alexandria

Jesus, being the Truth, cannot lie

Saint Augustine of Hippo

Christ is God; and God is true

Saint John Chrysostom

Jesus Christ says nothing which is not of God and of the Spirit
Christ’s word cannot deceive, but our senses are easily beguiled

III- Holy indignation in the life of Our Lord Jesus Christ

Sacred Scripture

Jesus looked around at them with anger
Jesus entered the temple area and drove out all those engaged in selling and buying there
‘You have made the Father’s house a den of thieves’
Seeing Jesus’ anger, His disciples recalled the words of scripture, ‘Zeal for your house will consume me’
Jesus reprimands the evil of the Pharisees
Christ’s estimation of the leaders in Israel
‘Will you be exalted to heaven? You will go down to the netherworld’

Saint Thomas Aquinas

Severity and clemency are not opposed to one another
Anger, when it is not through passion, is virtuous; and lack of anger can be a sin

Benedict XVI

For God, justice and charity are not two different realities – they coincide in him
Jesus showed how justice and mercy come together perfectly

Saint Thomas Aquinas

Mercy without justice is the mother of destruction

John Paul II

There can be no love without justice

Saint Thomas Aquinas

God punishes to incite repentance

Saint Augustine of Hippo

Whom the Lord loves, He corrects

Theophilus of Antioch

God is angry with those who act wickedly

Saint Augustine of Hippo

The Lord expelled the merchants from the Temple not only on one occasion, but twice
Jesus made a scourge of small cords, and with it lashed the unruly, who were making merchandise of God’s temple


Jesus exhibits no less power in expelling the merchants than in His other miracles

Saint Jerome

The expelling of the merchants from the temple was one of the most wonderful miracles of the Lord

Saint John Chrysostom

Jesus expelled the merchants to exhibit His zeal for the House of God, and so to correct any suspicion that He wished contradict the Father’s laws
Jesus exposed himself to danger for love of the House of God

Alcuin of York

Zeal is a certain fervor of the spirit

Saint Bede the Venerable

Jesus cast out the merchants from the Temple signifying those who are externally among the good, and work hypocritically – their life and doctrine are reprobate
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