22 – The Divinity will be in every soul and everything will be in all

When a child reaches the age of questioning, and asks his parents to explain who God is, the answer is always that God is a perfect Being, Almighty, the One who governs all creation with wisdom and guides all so as to take them to Heaven, His eternal and marvelous house. These answers are accepted with complete naturality by those who have received the gift of faith at Baptism. This true to such an extent that without entering into theological details, certain pronouncements about this very same faith sound strange to the ears of a Catholic.

Beyond what a child is capable of understanding in its simplicity, are the dogmas that concern the Divine Essence. To understand these in a way other than what the Church teaches is to wander along dangerous paths; and to teach them in a confused manner could well be a very great pastoral error.


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Teachings of the Magisterium

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Pius IX

Condemned: God is the same as the nature of things

Vatican Council I (Ecumenical XX)

Condemned: God is universal or an indefinite being
Condemned: God is not distinct from the world

Pius X

A truly enormous error: theological immanence, which considers divine action as one with the action of nature – this destroys the supernatural order
The theory of divine immanence leads directly to pantheism
Condemned: to consider what is divine in sacred tradition in a pantheistic sense

John Paul II

The Word of God rejects all forms of pantheism

Pontifical Council for Culture

Deus sive natura: pantheism which is the depersonalisation of God


Pantheistic ideas of Eckhart condemned by the Church: we are transformed entirely in God, and are changed into Him

Innocent XI

Condemned: the doctrine of Molinos, as pantheist theology

Vatican Council II (Ecumenical XXI)

The intimate union with God should be understood rightly in Christ

Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

The Church proclaims the true mystery of God

Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Creed is the first and fundamental point of reference: a sign of communion between believers
Belief in the Catholic Church is inseparable from faith in God

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Saint Thomas Aquinas

God is the Father, and Christ is the true Son of God
We believe through faith now that which we shall see in the eternal life
Grave error: that God is the formal being of all things. He is in all things not as a part of it, but as the Cause

Paul VI

The doctrine of St. Thomas Aquinas of participation has nothing of pantheism

Saint Augustine of Hippo

Distinction between the light of the divinity, other lights, and the human creature itself
All things come from God, but are not God
Christians do not ignore God, the Creator who transcends all
Made in God’s image and likeness, but very distant from divinity
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