Boniface VIII…

…judges Francis’ idea on sects forming part of the Church

  • The Catholic Church is the one true Church, the ‘seamless tunic’ of the Lord

With Faith urging us we are forced to believe and to hold the one, holy, Catholic Church and that, apostolic, and we firmly believe and simply confess this (Church) outside which there is no salvation nor remission of sin, the Spouse in the Canticle proclaiming: ‘One is my dove, my perfect one. One she is of her mother, the chosen of her that bore her’ (Ct 6:8); which represents the one mystical body whose head is Christ, of Christ indeed, as God. And in this, ‘one Lord, one faith, one baptism’ (Eph 4:5). Certainly Noah had one ark at the time of the flood, prefiguring one Church which perfect on one cubit had one ruler and guide, namely Noah outside which we read all living things on the earth were destroyed. Moreover this we venerate and this alone, the Lord in the prophet saying: ‘Deliver, 0 God, my soul from the sword; my only one from the hand of the dog’ (Ps 21:21). For in behalf of the soul, that is, in behalf of himself, the head itself and the body he prayed at the same time, which body he called the ‘Only one’ namely, the Church, because of the unity of the spouse, the faith, the sacraments, and the charity of the Church. This is that ‘seamless tunic’ of the Lord (Jn 19:23), which was not cut, but came forth by chance. Therefore, of the one and only Church (there is) one body, one head, not two heads as a monster, namely, Christ and Peter, the Vicar of Christ and the successor of Peter, the Lord Himself saying to Peter: ‘Feed my sheep’ (Jn 21:17). (Denzinger-Hünermann 870-872. Boniface VIII, Bull Unam sanctam, November 18, 1302)

…judges Francis’ idea on the Pope

  • The authority of Peter is not human, but rather divine

But this authority, although it is given to man and is exercised by man, is not human, but rather divine, and has been given by the divine Word to Peter himself and to his successors in him, whom the Lord acknowledged an established rock, when he said to Peter himself: ‘Whatsoever you shall bind’ etc. (Denzinger-Hünermann 874, Boniface VIII – Bull Unum Sanctam, November 18, 1302)

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