II Council of Lyons – Ecumenical XIV…

…judges Francis’ attitude on Ukraine

  • The Orthodox Emperor Michael Palaeologus revokes his errors and professes the opposite

[Against the errors of the Orientals] This is the true Catholic Faith, and this in the above mentioned articles the most holy Roman Church holds and teaches. But because of diverse errors introduced by some through ignorance and by others from evil, it (the Church) says and teaches that those who after baptism slip into sin must not be re-baptized, but by true penance attain forgiveness of their sins.
[The destiny of the deceased] Because if they die truly repentant in charity before they have made satisfaction by worthy fruits of penance for (sins) committed and omitted, their souls are cleansed after death by purgatorical or purifying punishments, as Brother John [Parastron, OFM] has explained to us. And to relieve punishments of this kind, the offerings of the living faithful are of advantage to these, namely, the sacrifices of Masses, prayers, alms, and other duties of piety, which have customarily been performed by the faithful for the other faithful according to the regulations of the Church. However, the souls of those who after having received holy baptism have incurred no stain of sin whatever, also those souls who, after contracting the stain of sin, either while remaining in their bodies or being divested of them, have been cleansed, as we have said above, are received immediately into heaven. (Denzinger-Hünermann 855–857. Council of Lyons II, Ecumenical XIV, profession of faith of Michael Palaeologus, July 1274)

  • The Council of Lyons conceded privileges to the patriarchal churches united to Rome

Also this same holy Roman Church holds the highest and complete primacy and spiritual power over the universal Catholic Church which she truly and humbly recognizes herself to have received with fullness of power from the Lord Himself in Blessed Peter, the chief or head of the Apostles whose successor is the Roman Pontiff. And just as to defend the truth of Faith she is held before all other things, so if any questions shall arise regarding faith they ought to be defined by her judgment. And to her anyone burdened with affairs pertaining to the ecclesiastical world can appeal; and in all cases looking forward to an ecclesiastical examination, recourse can be had to her judgment, and all churches are subject to her; their prelates give obedience and reverence to her. In her, moreover, such a plentitude of power rests that she receives the other churches to a share of her solicitude, of which many patriarchal churches the same Roman Church has honored in a special way by different privileges – its own prerogative always being observed and preserved both in general Councils and in other places. (Denzinger-Hünermann 861. Council of Lyons II, Ecumenical XIV, profession of faith of Michael Palaeologus, July 1274)

…judges Francis’ idea on the Pope

  • The Church of Rome received the fullness of power from the Lord

Also this same holy Roman Church holds the highest and complete primacy and spiritual power over the universal Catholic Church which she truly and humbly recognizes herself to have received with fullness of power from the Lord Himself in Blessed Peter, the chief or head of the Apostles whose successor is the Roman Pontiff. And just as to defend the truth of Faith she is held before all other things, so if any questions shall arise regarding faith they ought to be defined by her judgment. (Denzinger-Hünermann 861, II Council of Lyon, Profession of Faith of the emperor Michael Palaeologus before Gregory X, July 6, 1274)

..judges Francis’ idea of the Roman Curia

  • The Church of Rome has the highest and complete supremacy; consequently, it is called to defend the faith more than the others

 Also this same holy Roman Church holds the highest and complete primacy and spiritual power over the universal Catholic Church which she truly and humbly recognizes herself to have received with fullness of power from the Lord Himself in Blessed Peter, the chief or head of the Apostles whose successor is the Roman Pontiff. And just as to defend the truth of Faith she is held before all other things, so if any questions shall arise regarding faith they ought to be defined by her judgment. (Denzinger-Hünermann 861. Council of Lyons II, Letter from the Emperor Michael to Pope Gregory, July 6, 1274)

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